Plant life Cycle

Introduction : Plant life Cycle

Like all living things, plants grow, reproduce, and go through a life cycle. The life cycle of a plant explains the many stages of the plant’s existence, beginning with seed and ending with a mature plant. Let’s go through them together below!

What is plant ?

Plants are living organisms. They use light from the sun to make their own food in the form of a sugar called glucose. This process is called photosynthesis. Plants also get nutrients from the soil through their roots. They breathe in carbon dioxide and they out oxygen. 

What is Life cycle ?

Life cycle definition : A life cycle is a series of stages a living thing goes through during its life. All plants and animals go through life cycles. It is helpful to use diagrams to show the stages, which often include starting as a seed, egg, or live birth, then growing up and reproducing. Life cycles repeat again and again.

Plant life Cycle In Short ( How Plant Grow ? )

Plants start their lives as tiny seeds.  Seeds contain a plant with leaves, stem and roots.  The first step a seed takes on its path is germination.  Germination is when the plant within the seed begins to grow with the help of water, soil and sun.  As water falls on the seed and the sun warms it, its hard shell opens and it starts to grow out its roots. As the plant grows, its stem bursts through the soil. Then, leaves start to grow out of the stem.

Now, leaves begin to grow.  Leaves unfold, take in sunlight and produce food through photosynthesis. The plant then begins to develop flowers.  Many plants produce flowers that are important in making seeds.  The flowers are then pollinated.  Flowers are pollinated when pollen from the stamen moves onto the pistil. then Seeds and fruit are produced. The process starts again when a new seed is planted and the lifecycle continues.

Life Cycle of a Plant In Stage

How Plant Grow Everything that lives on earth has a life cycle.  Life has a beginning point, growth, reproduction, and an end of life. All plants have a life cycle and this cycle is very important to agriculture.To grow into an adult, a Plant goes through six stages: Seed , Germination ,  Root , First True Leaves , Adult plant and Releasing New Seeds.

Plant Life Cycle

Plant life Cycle Stages

The First Stage :- Seed

A plant begins as a simple seed. Inside the seed are all of the parts of the future plant. Seeds are scattered by animals, insects, and wind. They fall and germinate (sprout) at a distance from the parent plant so the new plant can grow and not have to compete for food and water, increasing the chance of its survival. The seed contains food and everything needed for the embryo to start a new plant. Plants produce seeds of many different sizes and shapes.

The Second Stage :- Root

When the seed absorbs warmth, moisture, and oxygen, the root appears. This signals that germination of the plant has begun. The roots grow down into the earth searching for water. While the plant grows, roots form the foundation that anchors the adult plant.

The Third Stage :- Germination

The germination phase occurs after the seed is at a location where the requirements for its birth are met. These essential ingredients are light, water, and heat, which vary depending on the plant. A few days after germination, the seed’s first radical will appear, expanding and developing like a common root, and the seed’s outer coat will peel away.

The Fourth Stage :- First True Leaves

As the stem extends, the first leaves develop to absorb the sun’s energy more efficiently. At this stage, the development of the plant is nearly complete. In a complex biological process called photosynthesis, green plants turn sunlight into nourishment and produce oxygen.

The Fifth Stage :- Adult plant

The seedling grows into an adult plant with roots, stems, and leaves. The roots draw water and nutrients from the soil and are carried through the stem to the leaves. The leaves create food and energy through photosynthesis. Coming full circle, adult plants produce seeds that are scattered away from the parent plant, to germinate and continue the life cycle of the plant.

The Six Stage :- Releasing New Seeds

When the new seeds are ready, they will be released back out into nature. For some plants, this means dropping fruit onto the ground to rot or be eaten by animals. Other plants release their seeds in unique ways, such as being blown by wind or by sticking to animal fur.

Importance of plants in our life

Plant is one of the major forms of life on earth. They provide us with oxygen, medicines, fuel, timber, recreation, industrial products; preservatives, pesticides in addition to all the three necessities of life: food, clothing and shelter. It can produce its own food but cannot move about. Plants have well organized structures. They are beautiful and they determine local climates and are used as live fences. 

They phytoremediator and cool our environment.  They purify the air and water bodies. and many other products like perfume and chewing gum. To these tangible aspects of the plant world we must also add the importance of beauty and relaxation derived from plants. Since animals are surrounded by and dependent upon plants, the factors that influence plant growth, structure, and distribution, affect the animal world as well. 

Fun Facts about plant :

  • Some plants are called annuals. These are mature plants that die off each season.
  • Some plants are called perennials. These plants live and keep making new seeds every spring and summer.
  • Plants like ferns and moss don’t grow from seeds. Instead, they grow from spores. Spores are often carried by wind to other places, where they land on the ground and grow into a new plant. 
  • Plants don’t just grow on land. They can also be found in fresh and salt water.
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